Gender bias in Pursuing Streams

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We live in a society where career fields are dominated by men, but when it comes to arts, the story
is quite different. Women make up upto 60-70 percent of those studying art at a university level.

Why is it like that?

Ever thought of that?

Now if we look at the science streams the number of women in science and engineering is
growing, yet men continue to outnumber women. The difference is dramatic, with women earning only 20
percent of bachelor’s degrees.

Why so few? Why is it like that?

Does the stereotype that boys are better than girls in math and science still affect girls today?
Researchers believe that stereotypes can lower girls’ aspirations for science and engineering careers.

When test administrators tell students that girls and boys are equally capable in math, however,
the difference in performance essentially disappears, illustrating that changes in the learning environment
can improve girls’ achievement in math. A research finds that girls assess their mathematical abilities
lower than boys with similar mathematical achievements. At the same time, girls hold themselves to a
higher standard than boys do in subjects like math, believing that they have to be exceptional to succeed
in “male” fields. Spatial skills are considered by many people to be important for success in engineering
and other scientific fields. Colleges and universities can attract more female science and engineering
faculty if they improve departmental culture to promote the integration of female faculty. Most people
associate science and math fields with “male” and humanities and arts fields with “female,” according to
research examined in this report. Implicit bias is common, even among individuals who actively reject
these stereotypes. This bias not only affects individuals’ attitudes toward others but may also influence
girls’ and women’s likelihood of cultivating their own interest in math and science. Not only are people
more likely to associate math and science with men than with women, people often hold negative opinions
of women in “masculine” positions, like scientists or engineers. Research profiled in this report shows that
people judge women to be less competent than men in “male” jobs unless they are clearly successful in
their work. When a woman is clearly competent in a “masculine” job, she is considered to be less likable.

It is also because people believe that girls are good at arts and boys are good at science. Its a kind
of Gender Stereotype prevailing in our country from long time. So even if a boy is interested in arts and a
girl is interested in science they are not allowed to pursue their education in that field. However this doesn’t
happen in every house.

So people need to understand that every individual should have the freedom to pursue education
in their own field of interest.

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